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     Primary Program Objectives
  The graduate of the PN
Program will:

1. Apply knowledge from the biological and social sciences to provide holistic care and caring behaviors to clients from diverse backgrounds. throughout their life span.
2. Utilize the Nursing Process and critical thinking to meet health care needs in collaboration with other members of the health care team.
3. Demonstrate accountability and life long learning in
nursing practice in accordance with accepted standards and established legal and ethical parameters.
4. Use effective communica-
tion with clients and among health care professionals.
5. Establish and maintain effective interpersonal relationships and therapeutic communication in a variety of settings.

Philosophy & Objectives
The philosophy of the Practical Nursing program is developed by the faculty and is based on research, current nursing practice, consultation with other practical nursing educators, and review of national accreditation standards.

The curriculum and instructional materials reflect the conceptual framework with certain defined concepts.

The main concepts of this PN program identified by faculty include:

  • Man
  • Environment
  • Health
  • Nursing Process
  • The Role of the Practical Nurse
The philosophy is based on the belief that man is an integrated whole with interrelated biological, psychosocial, and cultural needs. Factors including one's stage of development, past experiences and learning, life cycle events and various environmental and situational stresses directly and indirectly influence the behavior and belief system of an individual. Each person possesses free will, requires certain basic needs as outlined by Maslow and has the potential for self-actualization. Each person has the right and responsibility to participate in health care decisions.

The philosophy is based on the belief that our environment is constantly changing, requiring ongoing assessment of needs and adaptation. Through interaction with the environment, one's cultural roles, perceptions, values, and clinical practices are learned, modified, and perpetuated. A safe, non-threatening and supportive climate enhances one's experiences and maximizes one's potential for

The philosophy is based on the belief that health is a dynamic state of human functioning, beginning with conception and ending with death. Individuals and families have the responsibility to participate in the management of their health as emphasized by Orem's Self Care Theory. Optimal health definitions vary depending on life stages, adaptations, culture, resources, nutritional status and the body's response to alterations and health care interventions.

The philosophy is based on the unifying concept of the nursing process. It is the belief that the art and science of nursing involves a systematic approach based on scientific principles and nursing knowledge. This systematic approach guides the process of assessment, analysis, planning, implementation and evaluation.

The philosophy is based on the belief that the Licensed Practical Nurse has a key differentiated role on the health care team with a unique, defined body of knowledge, technical skills, and caring attitudes. After passing the NCLEX-PN Examination, the graduate can practice as a competent and valued member of the health care and nursing team. The Graduate of a PN program is prepared to begin practice in a variety of settings within defined legal and ethical parameters and given established policies and protocols. The PN has defined competencies, which enable the person to work using the nursing process, under the supervision of registered nurses, physicians, dentists or using defining protocols and policy statements.

The philosophy of the Practical Nursing program is also influenced by the following beliefs held by faculty.

It is the philosophy of the faculty that practical nursing education is a dynamic process focusing on the acquisition of knowledge, technical skills, and attitudes necessary for beginning practice. Assessment of individual learning needs and readiness is a critical, ongoing part of the educational process. PN education is a planned program of learning based on state-mandated competencies and expected program and educational outcomes (see Table 1.0 –.PDF). Faculty plays a facilitative role to assist students in the development of competence and accountability as members of the health care team. The value of continuing professional and educational development is manifested throughout the program. This education takes places in an institution of higher learning, incorporating concepts of general education and scientific rationale.

The faculty subscribes to principles of adult learning. The belief that individuals come into nursing education with a wealth of varied experiences is valued. The faculty understands that students are motivated by a number of intrinsic and extrinsic factors and those individuals have the potential for self-actualization. Individual behaviors and beliefs are influenced by one's culture, past learning, stage of development, environment, and life cycle events. The faculty believes that the educational process has the outcome of developing safe, competent, caring professionals while maintaining the dignity of the individual.

The overall statement of purpose of Delaware Institute of Health Sciences recognizes the responsibility to enhance the educational development of all persons able to benefit from its services. The school is a teaching institution dedicated to providing programs and activities designed to develop responsible citizenship and leadership in a constantly changing, complex society. We strive to make a positive difference in people's lives every day and embrace the diversity of the human race.

The PN Purposes and Goals are congruent with the philosophy of the PN Program, which include:

  1. to provide opportunities for students from diverse backgrounds to purse their educational goals and to enhance the educational development of all persons able to benefit from its services.
  2. to graduate safe, competent practical nurses who are able to seek entry-level positions in a variety of health care settings.
  3. to promote life long learning to maintain competence and encourage professional growth through continuing education and activities.
  4. to foster partnerships with the community and health care agencies to enhance the educational experiences and accomplish the objectives outlined in the PN Curriculum.

The philosophy, program competencies, and outcomes of the PN program reflect the stated purpose and goals. There is congruency between the institution's purpose and goals and the program philosophy (see Table 1.0–.PDF).

Expected benchmarks for program effectiveness and evaluation are identified in program outcomes. These benchmarks (levels of achievement) guide data collection and future plans for improvements and enhancements.

Educational outcomes are the indicators of the program's effectiveness and reflect the expected results of the educational outcomes. These outcomes are based on the recommended National League of Nursing Accrediting Commission (NLNAC) Standards, NLN guidelines for PN programs and State Board of Nursing standards, the national accrediting body for the program.

Identified Program outcomes are critical elements with established benchmarks that guide the evaluation process. These benchmarks will exceed the expected NLNAC outcomes criteria for accredited PN program and Educational Effectiveness Standards. Program outcomes and benchmarks identified by faculty for the PN program at DIHS include:

  • 85% of students admitted will graduate from the PN program.
  • 85% of graduates will pass the NCLEX-PN Exam on the first attempt.
  • 90% of students will express satisfaction with the program.
  • 100% of graduates will participate in continuing education and professional development activities.
  • 90% of employers and graduates will express satisfaction with the program.
Education with emphasis on learning, community, responsibility, integrity, value, and quality nursing practice.
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Accreditation:  Delaware Institute of Health Sciences is approved by the Delaware Department of Education & the Delaware Board of Nursing.
Practical Nursing
Program Design

The Practical Nursing Program is a 12-month sequential program with 1265 contact hours of education required
for graduation. The philosophy and conceptual framework are integrated through out the curriculum plan and reflected
in evaluation tools. Certain
pre-requisite courses are identified to foster the success of students and provide a necessary knowledge and
skill foundation for clinical experiences. The student
must complete both the theory and clinical practicum for each course before advancing to the next course. At the completion
of the program, the student is prepared to take the NCLEX-
PN for licensure as a Practical Nurse.

The curriculum is reviewed periodically by the Delaware Board of Nursing for currency and appropriateness. Annual reports are submitted to verify and summarize program data and outcomes. Courses follow a logical, sequential plan to prepare students for nursing practice in a variety of settings. Concurrent classroom, lab
and clinical experiences empower students to gain competencies and use the nursing process to care for infants, children and adults.

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